» Consul Example
Consul is a tool for service discovery, configuration and orchestration. The Key/Value store it provides is often used to store application configuration and information about the infrastructure necessary to process requests.
Terraform provides a Consul provider which can be used to interface with Consul from inside a Terraform configuration.
For our example, we use the Consul demo cluster
to both read configuration and store information about a newly created EC2 instance.
The size of the EC2 instance will be determined by the
tf\_test/size key in Consul,
and will default to
m1.small if that key does not exist. Once the instance is created
tf\_test/public\_dns keys will be set with the computed
values for the instance.
Before we run the example, use the Web UI
to set the
tf\_test/size key to
t1.micro. Once that is done,
copy the configuration into a configuration file (
consul.tf works fine).
Either provide the AWS credentials as a default value in the configuration
apply with the appropriate variables set.
apply has completed, we can see the keys in Consul by
visiting the Web UI. We can see
that the "tf_test/id" and "tf_test/public_dns" values have been
We can now teardown the infrastructure following the
instructions here. Because
we set the
delete property of two of the Consul keys, Terraform
will cleanup those keys on destroy. We can verify this by using
the Web UI.
The point of this example is to show that Consul can be used with Terraform both to enable dynamic inputs, but to also store outputs.
Inputs like AMI name, security groups, Puppet roles, bootstrap scripts, etc can all be loaded from Consul. This allows the specifics of an infrastructure to be decoupled from its overall architecture. This enables details to be changed without updating the Terraform configuration.
Outputs from Terraform can also be easily stored in Consul. One powerful feature this enables is using Consul for inventory management. If an application relies on ELB for routing, Terraform can update the application's configuration directly by setting the ELB address into Consul. Any resource attribute can be stored in Consul, allowing an operator to capture anything useful.