» aws_s3_bucket

Provides a S3 bucket resource.

» Example Usage

» Private Bucket w/ Tags

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "b" {
  bucket = "my-tf-test-bucket"
  acl    = "private"

  tags {
    Name        = "My bucket"
    Environment = "Dev"
  }
}

» Static Website Hosting

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "b" {
  bucket = "s3-website-test.hashicorp.com"
  acl    = "public-read"
  policy = "${file("policy.json")}"

  website {
    index_document = "index.html"
    error_document = "error.html"

    routing_rules = <<EOF
[{
    "Condition": {
        "KeyPrefixEquals": "docs/"
    },
    "Redirect": {
        "ReplaceKeyPrefixWith": "documents/"
    }
}]
EOF
  }
}

» Using CORS

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "b" {
  bucket = "s3-website-test.hashicorp.com"
  acl    = "public-read"

  cors_rule {
    allowed_headers = ["*"]
    allowed_methods = ["PUT", "POST"]
    allowed_origins = ["https://s3-website-test.hashicorp.com"]
    expose_headers  = ["ETag"]
    max_age_seconds = 3000
  }
}

» Using versioning

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "b" {
  bucket = "my-tf-test-bucket"
  acl    = "private"

  versioning {
    enabled = true
  }
}

» Enable Logging

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "log_bucket" {
  bucket = "my-tf-log-bucket"
  acl    = "log-delivery-write"
}

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "b" {
  bucket = "my-tf-test-bucket"
  acl    = "private"

  logging {
    target_bucket = "${aws_s3_bucket.log_bucket.id}"
    target_prefix = "log/"
  }
}

» Using object lifecycle

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "bucket" {
  bucket = "my-bucket"
  acl    = "private"

  lifecycle_rule {
    id      = "log"
    enabled = true

    prefix = "log/"

    tags {
      "rule"      = "log"
      "autoclean" = "true"
    }

    transition {
      days          = 30
      storage_class = "STANDARD_IA" # or "ONEZONE_IA"
    }

    transition {
      days          = 60
      storage_class = "GLACIER"
    }

    expiration {
      days = 90
    }
  }

  lifecycle_rule {
    id      = "tmp"
    prefix  = "tmp/"
    enabled = true

    expiration {
      date = "2016-01-12"
    }
  }
}

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "versioning_bucket" {
  bucket = "my-versioning-bucket"
  acl    = "private"

  versioning {
    enabled = true
  }

  lifecycle_rule {
    prefix  = "config/"
    enabled = true

    noncurrent_version_transition {
      days          = 30
      storage_class = "STANDARD_IA"
    }

    noncurrent_version_transition {
      days          = 60
      storage_class = "GLACIER"
    }

    noncurrent_version_expiration {
      days = 90
    }
  }
}

» Using replication configuration

provider "aws" {
  region = "eu-west-1"
}

provider "aws" {
  alias  = "central"
  region = "eu-central-1"
}

resource "aws_iam_role" "replication" {
  name = "tf-iam-role-replication-12345"

  assume_role_policy = <<POLICY
{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Action": "sts:AssumeRole",
      "Principal": {
        "Service": "s3.amazonaws.com"
      },
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Sid": ""
    }
  ]
}
POLICY
}

resource "aws_iam_policy" "replication" {
  name = "tf-iam-role-policy-replication-12345"

  policy = <<POLICY
{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Action": [
        "s3:GetReplicationConfiguration",
        "s3:ListBucket"
      ],
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": [
        "${aws_s3_bucket.bucket.arn}"
      ]
    },
    {
      "Action": [
        "s3:GetObjectVersion",
        "s3:GetObjectVersionAcl"
      ],
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": [
        "${aws_s3_bucket.bucket.arn}/*"
      ]
    },
    {
      "Action": [
        "s3:ReplicateObject",
        "s3:ReplicateDelete"
      ],
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": "${aws_s3_bucket.destination.arn}/*"
    }
  ]
}
POLICY
}

resource "aws_iam_policy_attachment" "replication" {
  name       = "tf-iam-role-attachment-replication-12345"
  roles      = ["${aws_iam_role.replication.name}"]
  policy_arn = "${aws_iam_policy.replication.arn}"
}

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "destination" {
  bucket = "tf-test-bucket-destination-12345"
  region = "eu-west-1"

  versioning {
    enabled = true
  }
}

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "bucket" {
  provider = "aws.central"
  bucket   = "tf-test-bucket-12345"
  acl      = "private"
  region   = "eu-central-1"

  versioning {
    enabled = true
  }

  replication_configuration {
    role = "${aws_iam_role.replication.arn}"

    rules {
      id     = "foobar"
      prefix = "foo"
      status = "Enabled"

      destination {
        bucket        = "${aws_s3_bucket.destination.arn}"
        storage_class = "STANDARD"
      }
    }
  }
}

» Enable Default Server Side Encryption

resource "aws_kms_key" "mykey" {
  description             = "This key is used to encrypt bucket objects"
  deletion_window_in_days = 10
}

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "mybucket" {
  bucket = "mybucket"

  server_side_encryption_configuration {
    rule {
      apply_server_side_encryption_by_default {
        kms_master_key_id = "${aws_kms_key.mykey.arn}"
        sse_algorithm     = "aws:kms"
      }
    }
  }
}

» Argument Reference

The following arguments are supported:

  • bucket - (Optional, Forces new resource) The name of the bucket. If omitted, Terraform will assign a random, unique name.
  • bucket_prefix - (Optional, Forces new resource) Creates a unique bucket name beginning with the specified prefix. Conflicts with bucket.
  • acl - (Optional) The canned ACL to apply. Defaults to "private".
  • policy - (Optional) A valid bucket policy JSON document. Note that if the policy document is not specific enough (but still valid), Terraform may view the policy as constantly changing in a terraform plan. In this case, please make sure you use the verbose/specific version of the policy. For more information about building AWS IAM policy documents with Terraform, see the AWS IAM Policy Document Guide.

  • tags - (Optional) A mapping of tags to assign to the bucket.

  • force_destroy - (Optional, Default:false ) A boolean that indicates all objects should be deleted from the bucket so that the bucket can be destroyed without error. These objects are not recoverable.

  • website - (Optional) A website object (documented below).

  • cors_rule - (Optional) A rule of Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (documented below).

  • versioning - (Optional) A state of versioning (documented below)

  • logging - (Optional) A settings of bucket logging (documented below).

  • lifecycle_rule - (Optional) A configuration of object lifecycle management (documented below).

  • acceleration_status - (Optional) Sets the accelerate configuration of an existing bucket. Can be Enabled or Suspended.

  • region - (Optional) If specified, the AWS region this bucket should reside in. Otherwise, the region used by the callee.

  • request_payer - (Optional) Specifies who should bear the cost of Amazon S3 data transfer. Can be either BucketOwner or Requester. By default, the owner of the S3 bucket would incur the costs of any data transfer. See Requester Pays Buckets developer guide for more information.

  • replication_configuration - (Optional) A configuration of replication configuration (documented below).

  • server_side_encryption_configuration - (Optional) A configuration of server-side encryption configuration (documented below)

The website object supports the following:

  • index_document - (Required, unless using redirect_all_requests_to) Amazon S3 returns this index document when requests are made to the root domain or any of the subfolders.
  • error_document - (Optional) An absolute path to the document to return in case of a 4XX error.
  • redirect_all_requests_to - (Optional) A hostname to redirect all website requests for this bucket to. Hostname can optionally be prefixed with a protocol (http:// or https://) to use when redirecting requests. The default is the protocol that is used in the original request.
  • routing_rules - (Optional) A json array containing routing rules describing redirect behavior and when redirects are applied.

The CORS object supports the following:

  • allowed_headers (Optional) Specifies which headers are allowed.
  • allowed_methods (Required) Specifies which methods are allowed. Can be GET, PUT, POST, DELETE or HEAD.
  • allowed_origins (Required) Specifies which origins are allowed.
  • expose_headers (Optional) Specifies expose header in the response.
  • max_age_seconds (Optional) Specifies time in seconds that browser can cache the response for a preflight request.

The versioning object supports the following:

  • enabled - (Optional) Enable versioning. Once you version-enable a bucket, it can never return to an unversioned state. You can, however, suspend versioning on that bucket.
  • mfa_delete - (Optional) Enable MFA delete for either Change the versioning state of your bucket or Permanently delete an object version. Default is false.

The logging object supports the following:

  • target_bucket - (Required) The name of the bucket that will receive the log objects.
  • target_prefix - (Optional) To specify a key prefix for log objects.

The lifecycle_rule object supports the following:

  • id - (Optional) Unique identifier for the rule.
  • prefix - (Optional) Object key prefix identifying one or more objects to which the rule applies.
  • tags - (Optional) Specifies object tags key and value.
  • enabled - (Required) Specifies lifecycle rule status.
  • abort_incomplete_multipart_upload_days (Optional) Specifies the number of days after initiating a multipart upload when the multipart upload must be completed.
  • expiration - (Optional) Specifies a period in the object's expire (documented below).
  • transition - (Optional) Specifies a period in the object's transitions (documented below).
  • noncurrent_version_expiration - (Optional) Specifies when noncurrent object versions expire (documented below).
  • noncurrent_version_transition - (Optional) Specifies when noncurrent object versions transitions (documented below).

At least one of expiration, transition, noncurrent_version_expiration, noncurrent_version_transition must be specified.

The expiration object supports the following

  • date (Optional) Specifies the date after which you want the corresponding action to take effect.
  • days (Optional) Specifies the number of days after object creation when the specific rule action takes effect.
  • expired_object_delete_marker (Optional) On a versioned bucket (versioning-enabled or versioning-suspended bucket), you can add this element in the lifecycle configuration to direct Amazon S3 to delete expired object delete markers.

The transition object supports the following

  • date (Optional) Specifies the date after which you want the corresponding action to take effect.
  • days (Optional) Specifies the number of days after object creation when the specific rule action takes effect.
  • storage_class (Required) Specifies the Amazon S3 storage class to which you want the object to transition. Can be ONEZONE_IA, STANDARD_IA, or GLACIER.

The noncurrent_version_expiration object supports the following

  • days (Required) Specifies the number of days an object is noncurrent object versions expire.

The noncurrent_version_transition object supports the following

  • days (Required) Specifies the number of days an object is noncurrent object versions expire.
  • storage_class (Required) Specifies the Amazon S3 storage class to which you want the noncurrent versions object to transition. Can be ONEZONE_IA, STANDARD_IA, or GLACIER.

The replication_configuration object supports the following:

  • role - (Required) The ARN of the IAM role for Amazon S3 to assume when replicating the objects.
  • rules - (Required) Specifies the rules managing the replication (documented below).

The rules object supports the following:

  • id - (Optional) Unique identifier for the rule.
  • priority - (Optional) The priority associated with the rule.
  • destination - (Required) Specifies the destination for the rule (documented below).
  • source_selection_criteria - (Optional) Specifies special object selection criteria (documented below).
  • prefix - (Optional) Object keyname prefix identifying one or more objects to which the rule applies.
  • status - (Required) The status of the rule. Either Enabled or Disabled. The rule is ignored if status is not Enabled.
  • filter - (Optional) Filter that identifies subset of objects to which the replication rule applies (documented below).

The destination object supports the following:

  • bucket - (Required) The ARN of the S3 bucket where you want Amazon S3 to store replicas of the object identified by the rule.
  • storage_class - (Optional) The class of storage used to store the object.
  • replica_kms_key_id - (Optional) Destination KMS encryption key ARN for SSE-KMS replication. Must be used in conjunction with sse_kms_encrypted_objects source selection criteria.
  • access_control_translation - (Optional) Specifies the overrides to use for object owners on replication. Must be used in conjunction with account_id owner override configuration.
  • account_id - (Optional) The Account ID to use for overriding the object owner on replication. Must be used in conjunction with access_control_translation override configuration.

The source_selection_criteria object supports the following:

  • sse_kms_encrypted_objects - (Optional) Match SSE-KMS encrypted objects (documented below). If specified, replica_kms_key_id in destination must be specified as well.

The sse_kms_encrypted_objects object supports the following:

  • enabled - (Required) Boolean which indicates if this criteria is enabled.

The filter object supports the following:

  • prefix - (Optional) Object keyname prefix that identifies subset of objects to which the rule applies.
  • tags - (Optional) A mapping of tags that identifies subset of objects to which the rule applies. The rule applies only to objects having all the tags in its tagset.

The server_side_encryption_configuration object supports the following:

  • rule - (required) A single object for server-side encryption by default configuration. (documented below)

The rule object supports the following:

The apply_server_side_encryption_by_default object supports the following:

  • sse_algorithm - (required) The server-side encryption algorithm to use. Valid values are AES256 and aws:kms
  • kms_master_key_id - (optional) The AWS KMS master key ID used for the SSE-KMS encryption. This can only be used when you set the value of sse_algorithm as aws:kms. The default aws/s3 AWS KMS master key is used if this element is absent while the sse_algorithm is aws:kms.

The access_control_translation object supports the following:

  • owner - (Required) The override value for the owner on replicated objects. Currently only Destination is supported.

» Attributes Reference

In addition to all arguments above, the following attributes are exported:

  • id - The name of the bucket.
  • arn - The ARN of the bucket. Will be of format arn:aws:s3:::bucketname.
  • bucket_domain_name - The bucket domain name. Will be of format bucketname.s3.amazonaws.com.
  • bucket_regional_domain_name - The bucket region-specific domain name. The bucket domain name including the region name, please refer here for format. Note: The AWS CloudFront allows specifying S3 region-specific endpoint when creating S3 origin, it will prevent redirect issues from CloudFront to S3 Origin URL.
  • hosted_zone_id - The Route 53 Hosted Zone ID for this bucket's region.
  • region - The AWS region this bucket resides in.
  • website_endpoint - The website endpoint, if the bucket is configured with a website. If not, this will be an empty string.
  • website_domain - The domain of the website endpoint, if the bucket is configured with a website. If not, this will be an empty string. This is used to create Route 53 alias records.

» Import

S3 bucket can be imported using the bucket, e.g.

$ terraform import aws_s3_bucket.bucket bucket-name