» Local Values

Hands-on: Try the Simplify Terraform Configuration with Locals tutorial on HashiCorp Learn.

A local value assigns a name to an expression, so you can use it multiple times within a module without repeating it.

If you're familiar with traditional programming languages, it can be useful to compare Terraform modules to function definitions:

  • Input variables are like function arguments.
  • Output values are like function return values.
  • Local values are like a function's temporary local variables.

» Declaring a Local Value

A set of related local values can be declared together in a single locals block:

locals {
  service_name = "forum"
  owner        = "Community Team"

The expressions in local values are not limited to literal constants; they can also reference other values in the module in order to transform or combine them, including variables, resource attributes, or other local values:

locals {
  # Ids for multiple sets of EC2 instances, merged together
  instance_ids = concat(aws_instance.blue.*.id, aws_instance.green.*.id)

locals {
  # Common tags to be assigned to all resources
  common_tags = {
    Service = local.service_name
    Owner   = local.owner

» Using Local Values

Once a local value is declared, you can reference it in expressions as local.<NAME>.

resource "aws_instance" "example" {
  # ...

  tags = local.common_tags

A local value can only be accessed in expressions within the module where it was declared.

» When To Use Local Values

Local values can be helpful to avoid repeating the same values or expressions multiple times in a configuration, but if overused they can also make a configuration hard to read by future maintainers by hiding the actual values used.

Use local values only in moderation, in situations where a single value or result is used in many places and that value is likely to be changed in future. The ability to easily change the value in a central place is the key advantage of local values.