» Private Terraform Enterprise Installation (Installer Beta)

» Delivery

This document outlines the procedure for using the Private Terraform Enterprise installer to set up Terraform Enterprise on a customer-controlled machine.

» Preflight

Before you begin, you'll need to get a few bits of data as well as get a Linux instance ready.

» Data Files

  • TLS private key and certificate Optional: Self-signed materials can be used
  • License key (provided by HashiCorp)

» Linux Instance

You'll be installing the software onto a Linux instance of your own choosing. You will start and manage this instance like any other server.

The Private Terraform Enterprise Installer currently supports the following operating systems:

  • Debian 7.7+
  • Ubuntu 14.04 / 15.10 / 16.04
  • Fedora 21 / 22
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5+
  • CentOS 6+
  • Amazon Linux 2014.03 / 2014.09 / 2015.03 / 2015.09 / 2016.03 / 2016.09 / 2017.03
  • Oracle Linux 6.5+

» Hardware Requirements

These requirements provide the instance with enough resources to run the Terraform Enterprise application as well as the Terraform plans and applies.

  • At least 40GB of disk space on the root volume
  • At least 8GB of system memory
  • At least 2 CPU cores

» Software Requirements

Check Docker compatibility:

  • The instance should run a current version of Docker engine (1.7.1 - 17.06.2-ce, 17.06.2-ce recommended). This also requires a 64-bit distribution with a minimum Linux Kernel version of 3.10.
    • In Online mode, the installer will install Docker automatically
    • In Airgapped mode, Docker should be installed before you begin
  • For Redhat Enterprise, Oracle Linux, and SUSE Enterprise, you must pre-install Docker as these distributions are not officially supported by Docker Community Edition.

» Network Requirements

  1. Have the following ports available to the Linux instance:
    • 22 - to access the instance via SSH from your computer
    • 8800 - to access the Admin Console
    • 443 and 80 - to access the TFE app (both ports are needed; HTTP will redirect to HTTPS)
    • 9870-9880 (inclusive) - for internal communication on the host and its subnet; not publicly accessible
  2. If a firewall is configured on the instance, be sure that traffic can flow out of the docker0 interface to the instance's primary address. For example, to do this with UFW run: ufw allow in on docker0. This rule can be added before the docker0 interface exists, so it is best to do it now, before the Docker installation.
  3. Optional: Get a domain name for the instance. If you opt to use only an IP to access the instance, enter the IP into the hostname field when prompted during the web portion of the setup.

» Operational Mode Decision

Terraform Enterprise can store its state in a few different ways and you'll need to decide which works best for your installation:

  1. Demo - This mode stores all data on the instance. The data can be backed up with the snapshot mechanism for restore later.
  2. Production - External Services - This mode stores the majority of the stateful data used by the instance in an external Postgresql database as well as an external S3 compatible endpoint. There is still critical data stored on the instance that must be managed with snapshots. Be sure to checked the PostgreSQL Requirements for what needs to be present for Terraform Enterprise to work.
  3. Production - Mounted Disk - This mode stores data in a separate directory on the host, with the intention that the directory is configured to store its data on an external disk, such as EBS, iSCSI, etc.

The decision you make will be entered during setup.

» Installation

The installer can run in two modes, Online or Airgapped. Each of these modes has a different way of executing the installer, but the result is the same.

» Run The Installer - Online

If your instance can access the internet, you should run the Online install mode.

  1. From a shell on your instance:
    • To execute the installer directly, run curl https://install.terraform.io/ptfe/beta | sudo bash
    • To inspect the script locally before running, run curl https://install.terraform.io/ptfe/beta > install.sh and then once you are satisfied with the script's content, execute it with sudo bash install.sh
  2. The software will take a few minutes and you'll be presented with a message about how/where to access the rest of the setup via the web. This will be https://[hostname or ip of your instance]:8800
    • The Admin Console uses an internal CA to issue bootstrap certificates, so you will see a security warning when first connecting. This is expected and you'll need to proceed with the connection anyway.

» Run The Installer - Airgapped

If the instance can not reach the internet, then you can follow these steps to begin an Airgapped installation.

Preparing the instance:

  1. Download the .airgap file using the information given to you in your setup email and place that file somewhere on the the instance.
    • If you use are using wget to download the file, be sure to use wget --content-disposition "<url>" so the downloaded file gets the correct extension.
    • The url generated for the .airgap file is only valid for a short time, so you may wish to download the file and upload it to your own artifacts repository.
  2. Download the installer bootstrapper and put it into its own directory on the instance (e.g. /opt/tfe-installer/)
  3. Airgap installations require Docker to be pre-installed. Double check that your instance has a supported version of Docker (see Software Requirements above for details).

Executing the installer:

From a shell on your instance, in the directory where you placed the replicated.tar.gz installer bootstrapper:

  1. Run tar xzf replicated.tar.gz
  2. Run sudo ./install.sh airgap
  3. When asked, select the interface of your primary private network interface used to access the instance.
  4. The software will take a few minutes and you'll be presented with a message about how/where to access the rest of the setup via the web. This will be https://[hostname or ip of your instance]:8800
    1. The web interface uses an internal CA to issues certificates, so you will see a security warning. This is expected and you'll need to proceed with the connection anyway.

» Continue Installation In Browser

  1. Configure the hostname (which can be an IP only) and the SSL certificate.
  2. Upload your license file. (Provided to you in your setup email)
  3. Indicate if you're doing an Online or Airgapped installation (Choose Online if you're not sure)
    • If you are doing an Airgapped install, provide the path on the the instance to the .airgap file that you downloaded using the initial instruction in your setup email.
  4. Secure access to the Admin Console. We recommend at least setting up the simple password auth. If you're so inclined, LDAP authentication can also be configured for the Admin Console.
  5. The system will now perform a set of pre-flight checks on the instance and configuration thus far and indicate any failures. You can either fix the issues and re-run the checks or ignore the warnings and proceed. If you do proceed despite the warnings, you are assuming the support responsibility.
  6. Configure the operational mode for this installation. See Operational Modes for information on what the different values are.
  7. Optional: Adjust the concurrent capacity of the instance. This should only be used if the hardware provides more resources than the baseline configuration and you wish to increase the work that the instance does concurrently. This setting should be adjusted with care as setting it too high can result in an very unresponsive instance.

» PostgreSQL Requirements

When Terraform Enterprise is using an external PostgreSQL database, the following must be present on it:

  • The version of PostgreSQL must be 9.4 or greater
  • User with access to ownership semantics on the referenced database
  • The following PostgreSQL schemas must be installed into the database: rails, vault, registry

To create schemas in PostgreSQL, the CREATE SCHEMA command is used. So to create the above required schemas, the following snippet must be run on the database:


When specifying which PostgreSQL database to use, the value specified must be a valid Database URL, as specified in the libpq documentation.

Additionally, the URL must include the sslmode parameter indicating if SSL should be used to connect to the database. There is no assumed SSL mode, the parameter must be specified.

» Finish Bootstrapping

Once configured, the software will finish downloading. When it’s ready, the UI will indicate so and there will be an Open link to click to access the Terraform Enterprise UI.

» Configuration

After completing a new install you should head to the configuration page to continue setting up Terraform Enterprise.

» Upgrading

» Online

  1. From the admin console dashboard (https://[hostname or ip of your instance]:8800/dashboard) click the "Check Now" button; the new version should be recognized, then click "View Update".
  2. Review the release notes and then click "Install Update".

» Airgapped

  1. Determine the update path where the installer will look for new .airgap packages; you can do this from the console settings of your instance (https://[hostname or ip of your instance]:8800/console/settings) in the field Update Path.
  2. Download the new .airgap package onto the instance and put it into the Update Path location.
  3. From the admin console dashboard (https://[hostname or ip of your instance]:8800/dashboard) click the "Check Now" button; the new version should be recognized, then click "View Update".
  4. Review the release notes and then click "Install Update".