» templatefile Function

templatefile reads the file at the given path and renders its content as a template using a supplied set of template variables.

templatefile(path, vars)

The template syntax is the same as for string templates in the main Terraform language, including interpolation sequences delimited with ${ ... }. This function just allows longer template sequences to be factored out into a separate file for readability.

The "vars" argument must be a map. Within the template file, each of the keys in the map is available as a variable for interpolation. The template may also use any other function available in the Terraform language, except that recursive calls to templatefile are not permitted.

Strings in the Terraform language are sequences of Unicode characters, so this function will interpret the file contents as UTF-8 encoded text and return the resulting Unicode characters. If the file contains invalid UTF-8 sequences then this function will produce an error.

This function can be used only with files that already exist on disk at the beginning of a Terraform run. Functions do not participate in the dependency graph, so this function cannot be used with files that are generated dynamically during a Terraform operation. We do not recommend using dynamic templates in Terraform configurations, but in rare situations where this is necessary you can use the template_file data source to render templates while respecting resource dependencies.

» Examples

Given a template file backends.tmpl with the following content:

%{ for addr in ip_addrs ~}
backend ${addr}:${port}
%{ endfor ~}

The templatefile function renders the template:

> templatefile("${path.module}/backends.tmpl", { port = 8080, ip_addrs = ["", ""] })

  • file reads a file from disk and returns its literal contents without any template interpretation.