» Service Accounts
Terraform Cloud provides two types of service accounts: team, and organization. These accounts can access Terraform Cloud APIs, but cannot be used interactively. The service accounts are designed to support server-to-server API calls using the service identity as opposed to individual user identities.
Team and organization service accounts don't have API tokens by default; you must generate a token before you can use them.
Like with [user tokens], service account tokens are displayed only once when they are created, and are obfuscated thereafter. If the token is lost, it must be regenerated. When a token is regenerated, the previous token immediately becomes invalid.
» Team Service Accounts
API: See the Team Token API.
Team service accounts are designed to let automated systems (like CI/CD tools) perform Terraform runs and API operations with a specific set of workspace permissions.
Team tokens have the same access level as their team. For example, if a team has write access to a given workspace, the team's token can be used to update that workspace's variables, run
terraform apply in that workspace with the
remote backend, and create and apply runs in that workspace via the API. If a team has plan access to a workspace, the team's token can run
terraform plan or create speculative plans via the API, but cannot update variables or make changes to real infrastructure.
To manage the API token for a team service account, go to Organization settings > Teams > (desired team) and use the controls under the "Team API Token" header.
Each team can have one valid API token at a time, and any member of a team can generate or revoke that team's token. When a token is regenerated, the previous token immediately becomes invalid.
Note that the individual members of a team can usually perform actions the team itself cannot, since users can belong to multiple teams in multiple organizations.
» Organization Service Accounts
API: See the Organization Token API.
Organization service accounts are designed for creating and configuring workspaces and teams. We don't recommend using them as an all-purpose interface to Terraform Cloud; their purpose is to do some initial setup before delegating a workspace to a team. For more routine interactions with workspaces, use team service accounts.
To manage the API token for an organization service account, go to Organization settings > API Token and use the controls under the "Organization Tokens" header.
Each organization can have one valid API token at a time. Only organization owners can generate or revoke an organization's token.
Organization service accounts have permissions across the entire organization. They can perform all CRUD operations on most resources, but have some limitations; most importantly, they cannot start runs or create configuration versions. Any API endpoints that can't be used with an organization account include a note like the following: