» pg

Kind: Standard (with locking)

Stores the state in a Postgres database version 9.5 or newer.

This backend supports state locking.

» Example Configuration

terraform {
  backend "pg" {
    conn_str = "postgres://user:pass@db.example.com/terraform_backend"

Before initializing the backend with terraform init, the database must already exist:

createdb terraform_backend

This createdb command is found in Postgres client applications which are installed along with the database server.

We recommend using a partial configuration for the conn_str variable, because it typically contains access credentials that should not be committed to source control:

terraform {
  backend "pg" {}

Then, set the credentials when initializing the configuration:

terraform init -backend-config="conn_str=postgres://user:pass@db.example.com/terraform_backend"

To use a Postgres server running on the same machine as Terraform, configure localhost with SSL disabled:

terraform init -backend-config="conn_str=postgres://localhost/terraform_backend?sslmode=disable"

» Data Source Configuration

To make use of the pg remote state in another configuration, use the terraform_remote_state data source.

data "terraform_remote_state" "network" {
  backend = "pg"
  config {
    conn_str = "postgres://localhost/terraform_backend"

» Configuration Variables

The following configuration options or environment variables are supported:

  • conn_str - (Required) Postgres connection string; a postgres:// URL
  • schema_name - Name of the automatically-managed Postgres schema, default terraform_remote_state.
  • skip_schema_creation - If set to true, the Postgres schema must already exist. Terraform won't try to create the schema. Useful when the Postgres user does not have "create schema" permission on the database.

» Technical Design

Postgres version 9.5 or newer is required to support advisory locks and the "ON CONFLICT" upsert syntax.

This backend creates one table states in the automatically-managed Postgres schema configured by the schema_name variable.

The table is keyed by the workspace name. If workspaces are not in use, the name default is used.

Locking is supported using Postgres advisory locks. force-unlock is not supported, because these database-native locks will automatically unlock when the session is aborted or the connection fails. To see outstanding locks in a Postgres server, use the pg_locks system view.

The states table contains:

  • a serial integer id, used as the key for advisory locks
  • the workspace name key as text with a unique index
  • the Terraform state data as text